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Potential Environmental and Health Impacts of
Management Alternatives for: Rats

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Management tactics on this page are those discussed in the Pest Notes series, published by the University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program (UCIPM). Information on this page alone is not sufficient for making pest management decisions. For detailed management recommendations, see the associated UCIPM Pest Note. Each tactic is also linked back to the appropriate Pest Note section.

The risk posed by any pesticide product is determine

d both by toxicity and level of exposure. Information presented on these pages is not intended to constitute a full risk assessment. Information is provided here only on active ingredients, not on inert ingredients. The active ingredient is generally-but not always-considered to be the most hazardous ingredient of a pesticide preparation.

Products List


















Management practices from UCIPM Pest Notes
Click on the tactics for full explanation
Click here for the Rats Pest Note











Fact sheets on toxicity:
Click buttons to see fact sheets. If no button is visible, a fact sheet is not available.
Lack of fact sheet information does not imply that an ingredient is safe.
Factors that could reduce exposure
If a factor is present it is denoted by an "X."
This is not an exhaustive list of factors that effect pesticide exposure.
 
ExToxNet Profile U.S. EPA RED Fact Sheet NPIC Fact Sheet General NPIC Fact Sheet Technical No PesticidesRrequired Gel or Paste for Crevice Treatment Available as Bait Available as Trap Regulatory Status
  
  Store lumber, boxes, etc. off the ground wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Store garbage, trash, and garden debris in receptacles with tight-fitting covers wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Store pet food in rodent-proof containers wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Thin dense vegetation wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Remove or thin climbing hedges from buildings , fences wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Remove tree limbs that are within 3 feet of roof wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Create a 2 ft space between shrubs and between shrubs and buildings wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Seal cracks and openings larger than 1/4 inch in building foundations and openings wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Make sure doors, windows, and screens fit tightly wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Repair damaged ventilation screens wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Provide tight fitting cover for the crawl space wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Seal openings around pipes, cables and wires wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Repair internal screens on roof and attic vents wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Cover plumbing vent pipes larger than 2 inches in diameter with screens wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Weatherstrip all exterior doors and make sure they are tight-fitting wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Trapping with snap traps wedge more...         No Pesticides Required        
  Flooding wedge more...                  

  Treatment practices

Products Brodifacoum in a bait station wedge more...   U.S. EPA RED Fact Sheet         Available as Bait   Regulatory status
Products Bromadiolone in a bait station wedge more...   U.S. EPA RED Fact Sheet         Available as Bait   Regulatory status
Products Difethialone in a bait station wedge more...   U.S. EPA RED Fact Sheet         Available as Bait   Regulatory status
Products Warfarin in a bait station wedge more... EXTOXNET PIP - WARFARIN U.S. EPA RED Fact Sheet         Available as Bait   Regulatory status
Products Chlorophacinone in a bait station wedge more...   U.S. EPA RED Fact Sheet         Available as Bait   Regulatory status
Products Diphacenone in a bait station wedge more... EXTOXNET PIP - DIPHACINONE U.S. EPA RED Fact Sheet         Available as Bait   Regulatory status
Products Bromethalin in a bait station wedge more...   U.S. EPA RED Fact Sheet         Available as Bait   Regulatory status
Products Cholecalciferol in a bait station wedge more...   U.S. EPA RED Fact Sheet         Available as Bait   Regulatory status
Products Zinc phosphide in a bait station wedge more... EXTOXNET PIP - ZINC PHSOPHIDE U.S. EPA RED Fact Sheet         Available as Bait   Regulatory status
POTENTIAL CONSEQUENCES OF NOT TREATING - What's this?
Rats and their parasites transmit dozens of diseases to humans. Several pose serious health risks, and some diseases (now rare) are potentially epidemic.
Rats can chew through lead and plastic water pipes and galvanized drains in the plumbing, and garbage cans.
Urine, musky odor, and gnawing can ruin food, clothing, upholstery, papers, woodwork, insulation, or plumbing.
Gnawing through electric wiring or gas pipes can create fire hazards.

wedge  Determine whether a product is exempt from Healthy Schools Act requirements