Antimicrobial pesticides, such as disinfectants & sanitizers, are pesticides that are intended to “(i) disinfect, sanitize, reduce, or mitigate growth or development of microbiological organisms; or (ii) protect inanimate objects (for example floors and walls), industrial processes or systems, surfaces, water, or other chemical substances from contamination, fouling, or deterioration caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, algae, or slime.”
Antimicrobials are especially important because many are public health pesticides. They help to control microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, and other microorganisms) that can cause human disease. Antimicrobial public health pesticides are used as disinfectants in medical settings, but they are also used in school and child care settings. Proper use of these disinfectants is an important part of infection control activities employed by hospitals, schools, and child care facilities.
Note: Antimicrobials used on people, such as in medications, food, cosmetics, lotions, and soaps are exempt from U.S. EPA registration.
Source: U.S. EPA