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Model Program School IPM Guidebook 3rd Edition

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The Guidebook has not been updated to reflect the recent Healthy Schools Act amendments. For accurate templates and forms see the Tools & Templates page.

Dear Reader:

This letter introduces you to the California School IPM model program guidebook. We have developed this guidebook for use by school district maintenance and operations staff, IPM coordinators and other school staff. Please review this guidebook and feel free to use it as a reference tool as you implement integrated pest management (IPM).

Who Developed This Guidebook?

The California Department of Pesticide Regulation (DPR) developed this model program guidebook, as required by the Healthy Schools Act of 2000, for use by school districts that wish to adopt a least-hazardous IPM program. The authors drew their information from federal school IPM guidelines, other states’ IPM programs, California state laws and regulations, the University of California Statewide IPM program, California school districts that have already implemented IPM programs, the pest control industry, and public interest groups.

What Is the Purpose of the Guidebook?

This guidebook is designed to help you use IPM in your school’s pest management program. The guidebook serves as a guide and provides models for schools that choose to implement IPM. IPM is not required in California schools. We intend this guidebook to be useful as both a companion manual for the DPR California School IPM training workshops and as a reference tool for your school district when implementing IPM. IPM coordinators can use this text to train school district personnel in IPM theory and practices. School staff can refer to it for day-to-day pest management questions.

Why Use the Guidebook?

Whether you are just starting to implement an IPM program or want to improve an existing program, this guidebook will serve as a useful resource to answer your IPM questions and to provide practical, hands-on steps that can be implemented as part of your IPM program. The first part of this book lays out the essential elements of a least-hazardous IPM program and the steps to adopting an IPM program. Specific strategies for pest management indoors and outdoors are covered in the second part of the guidebook, arranged by individual pests.


Table of Contents, PDF (536 mb)

The mention within this document of commercial products, their sources, or their use is not to be construed as either an actual or implied endorsement. Mention is made of some representative products, but the Department of Pesticide Regulation does not recognize any product as superior to any other.

PART 1: IPM Process

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IPM Program Information, PDF (1.1 mb)

  1. Introduction to California School IPM, PDF (133 kb)
  2. Adopting an IPM Program, PDF (389 kb)
  3. Monitoring Pest Populations and Damage, PDF (233 kb)
  4. Setting Injury and Action Levels, PDF (227 kb)
  5. Selecting Least-Hazardous Pest Control Practices, PDF (366 kb)
  6. Bibliography for Part 1, PDF (115 kb)
  7. Glossary, PDF (227 kb)

Appendices, PDF (63 kb)

  1. Sample Forms for Fulfilling the Requirements of the Healthy Schools Act, PDF (253 kb)
  2. Pesticides Exempted from the Healthy Schools Act Right-to-Know requirements, PDF (1.7 mb)
  3. Division of Juvenile Justice Guidelines, PDF (46 kb)
  4. Text of the Healthy Schools Act, PDF (836 kb)
  5. School District IPM Policies: Model IPM Policy and Examples, PDF (118 kb)
  6. IPM-Related Curricula and Resources for the Classroom, PDF (58 kb)
  7. Pesticide Information Resources, PDF (39 kb)
  8. Recommended Reading, PDF (57 kb)
  9. Sample IPM Contracts, PDF (107 kb)
  10. Establishing Integrated Pest Management Policies and Programs: A Guide for Public Agencies, PDF (265 kb)
  11. How to Collect and Preserve Specimens for Identification, PDF (40 kb)
  12. Pest Management Assessment Tool, PDF (424 kb)
  13. Monitoring Forms, PDF (632 kb)
  14. Inspection Checklist for Detecting Structural Decay and Structural Pest Damage, PDF (51 kb)
  15. Training and Licensing Opportunities, PDF (49 kb)
  16. Pesticide Safety Information Series N, PDF (1.4 mb)

PART 2: Pest Management

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Most of the following links are to the University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program (UCIPM) Pest Notes, an authoritative source for the management of common pests. Pest Notes are available at

7. Indoor Pest Management        
               Insects/Other Invertebrates    
    Ants   Brown Recluse and Other Recluse Spiders
    Carpenter Ants   Carpenter Bees
    Carpet Beetles   Clothes Moths
    Cockroaches   Earwigs
    Fleas   Flies
    Head Lice   Head Lice Information from the California Department of Public Health
    Millipedes and Centipedes   Scorpions in Schools (PDF, 203 kb)
    Silverfish and Firebrats   Spiders
    Termites   Termites (Drywood)
    Wood-Boring Beetles    
    House Mouse   Rats
    Rats in Schools, PDF (292 kb)    
8. Outdoor Pest Management    
  Insects/Other Vertebrates    
    Aphids   Bee and Wasp Stings
    Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter   Fungus Gnats, Shore Flies, Moth Flies, and March Flies
    Lawn Insects   Lyme Disease in California
    Psyllids   Red Imported Fire Ant
    Snails and Slugs   Whiteflies
    Yellow jackets and Other Social Wasps    
    Cliff Swallows   Ground Squirrel
    Pigeons in Schools, PDF (291 kb)   Pocket Gophers
    Rabbits   Raccoons
    Skunks   Tree Squirrels
    Voles (Meadow Mice)    
    Annual Bluegrass   Bermudagrass
    Clovers   Common Knotweed
    Common Purslane   Crabgrass
    Dallisgrass   Dandelions
    Field Bindweed   Kikuyugrass
    Lawn Diseases: Prevention and Management   Mistletoe
    Nutsedge   Poison Oak
    Puncturevine   Spotted Spurge
    Weed Management in Landscapes   Weed Management in Lawn
    Yellow Starthistle